In plastic and aesthetic surgery, organs and tissue undergo procedures that aim to change the shape of the body. Plastic surgeons are called for when complex reconstructive surgery is needed, for example following an accident, burns or other surgery. They also operate on the hands and face or optimize body contours. Because this field requires not only expert medical knowledge but also a great deal of experience and skill, the title “Specialist in Plastic and Aesthetic Surgery” is a separate and legally protected qualification in Germany. It requires a comprehensive course of further medical training.
Patients wishing to change their appearance often have a strong subjective sense of their own suffering. Increasing numbers of younger patients are opting to have corrective nose or breast enlargement surgery, whereas older patients tend more towards corrective facial procedures such as the treatment of wrinkles, eyelid surgery or even a facelift.
Aesthetic surgery also plays an important role in the treatment of obesity. After losing a large amount of weight, patients are often left with saggy skin and therefore decide to have liposuction on the stomach, upper thighs or upper arms.