Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease associated with a pathologically increased blood sugar level. Forms of the condition include type 1 and type 2 diabetes (the latter also being known as “adult-onset diabetes”), as well as other types such as gestational diabetes. Because of its high prevalence, diabetes is already being described as the “epidemic of the 21st century”.
Typical signs of diabetes are weakness, infections and constant thirst. If left untreated, diabetes can result in dangerous secondary conditions and later consequences such as a heart attack, stroke, retinal or kidney damage or even a condition known as “diabetic foot”. An early diagnosis and permanent treatment are therefore essential for diabetics.
Diabetes management courses train patients how to monitor their condition and take proper care of themselves long-term. They learn how a healthier lifestyle, including for example regular exercise and a balanced diet, can reduce their blood sugar level. They are also taught how to measure their blood sugar themselves, and how to administer drugs such as insulin.