Being the largest organ of the human body, the skin has an extremely wide range of functions. It protects us from the sun’s rays, cold and heat, and prevents pathogens from entering the body. As a sensory organ, skin is also very important because it allows us to touch and feel our surroundings. Serious skin diseases such as skin cancer are caused by external factors or other organic diseases. Because they are so visible, they often pose a considerable problem for those affected.
For dermatology specialists, one of the most important diagnostic tools is to talk in detail about the patient’s medical history. This helps possible reasons for skin changes to be identified and thus allows appropriate treatment to be planned. One common examination is performed using a reflecting microscope that enables the dermatologist to see deep into the layers of the skin. This technique is particularly useful when it comes to the early detection of life-threatening malignant melanomas.